Family and Child
Refugees from Ukraine can, under certain conditions, receive family benefits such as child benefits, parental benefits, and advance maintenance payments. The condition is that they have a residence permit according to that includes a work permit for at least six months. Depending on the family benefits, other additional requirements might apply. In some cases, they do not apply to minors.
Child benefit for refugees from Ukraine
Families who have fled Ukraine with their children may apply for child benefit for these children in Germany if they meet the following requirements:
the parent applying for child benefit
- is working OR
- has been resident in Germany for a period of at least 15 months without interruption.
The corresponding evidence of this must be submitted when the application is made.
Please note: child benefit can only be applied for if the children live in Germany or in another state within the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland.
If your child is older than 18, you may also claim child benefit under certain circumstances. To do this, as well as the above requirements, additional conditions must also be met. You must then prove that your child is enrolled in a vocational apprenticeship, for instance. You can find more information under .
To allow the Family Benefits Office to assess your application for child benefit, you must prove that the requirements for claiming child benefit are met.
To do this, you require the following evidence:
- residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG for you and your children OR
- a temporary attestation about your legal residence (for example, Fiktionsbescheinigung (probationary certificate) or Vorab-Aufenthaltstitel (preliminary residence permit) if these were issued on the basis of Section 24 AufenthG and you are permitted to work
- evidence of your employment as the parent making the application (for example, an employment contract or pay slip)
- evidence that your children live in Germany or in another state within the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland (for example, registration with an immigration authority or certification from a nursery, support organisation, or similar).
To be able to apply for child benefit for your children from the Family Benefits Office, you must prove that you are working in Germany. This may be working for an employer or self-employed work. Low-income employment (so-called mini-jobs) and low-income self-employed work (within the meaning of Sections 8 and 8a SGB IV) count as work.
Particular circumstances in the case of orphans and children who do not know their parents’ whereabouts
Orphans and children who do not know their parents’ whereabouts may apply for child benefit themselves. In this case, the child benefit is paid out in accordance with the Federal Child Benefit Act (BKGG).
The requirement is that the child has a residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG. Employment or a minimum residence duration are not required for this child benefit application.
If the child is older than 18 years of age, in certain cases, they may also claim child benefit. To do this, as well as the above requirements, additional conditions must be met. The child must prove that they are enrolled in a vocational apprenticeship, for instance. You can find more information under .
When you apply for asylum, the residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG expires.
Asylum seekers and recognised refugees only have a claim to child benefit from the point in time that they are granted asylum or that they are recognised as refugees. For the time prior to this, they only have a claim to child benefit if they have been resident in Germany for at least 6 months and are granted asylum or recognised as refugees at a later stage.
Based on the fact that child benefit is deemed income on asylum seeker benefits, there is no financial advantage for those granted asylum and recognised refugees. In addition to this, no employment is permitted during the asylum process.
If the application for asylum or application for recognition as a refugee under the Geneva Convention is rejected and subsidiary protection is granted, you may then claim child benefit from the point that this is granted.
As a general rule, you receive a minimum of 219 euros of child benefit per child each month.
If you have more than one child, the number of children determines the amount of child benefit that you receive in total. This also applies if one of the children does not live with you: from the third child, you are entitled to more child benefit– even if their siblings live with the other parent.
Child benefit as of 1 January 2021:
1st child: 219 euros
2nd child: 219 euros
3rd child: 225 euros
From the 4th child: 250 euros
Support for children and youngsters
The registration and coordination office for the admission of children and youngsters from Ukrainian orphanages informs institutions, organizations, and private persons who organize the admission of evacuated children in care and orphans from Ukraine in Germany. This office provides information about the distribution process and the responsible offices in the federal states and provides the names of the relevant contact persons. If groups of Ukrainian children in care and orphans request themselves on their way to Germany, the registration office will also refer them to the responsible authorities. The , operated by , can be reached via the toll-free number 0800 12 606 12 daily from 8:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m
Support for pregnant refugees and young parents
The nationwide offers initial psychosocial counseling for pregnant women, the social environment, and qualified specialists. The service is available 24/7 at 0800 40 40 020, free of charge, anonymously, free of obstacles, and in 18 languages - also for women who have come from Ukraine - in Polish, Russian, or English if required. The aim of the offer is to refer to a local pregnancy counseling center.
The translation service offered by the "Pregnant women in need" helpline will soon also be available in Ukrainian. The information materials for pregnant women in need will also be translated into Ukrainian shortly.
Regardless of nationality, the in Germany also supports pregnant women in need. It also grants financial aid for maternity clothes, baby equipment, housing and furnishings as well as care of an infant. Women who recently had to flee Ukraine, can apply at the pregnancy counseling centers for support from the Foundation free of bureaucracy. Any missing documents can be submitted later.
The information leaflet with all relevant information about the Foundation and its offers are available in Ukrainian on the and can also be downloaded as well as ordered. In addition, an provides information about the assistance provided by the Federal Foundation Mother and Child. First and foremost, it should reach pregnant women who have fled better. It contains three QR codes that take one directly to the Federal Foundation's information leaflets in German, English, and Ukrainian. The information poster is particularly suitable for counseling centers, clinics, medical practices, and all other places that have contact with refugees.
The National Center for Early Prevention offers additional advice and information. It has compiled an overview for pregnant women and families on - in Ukrainian, English, and Russian. Specialists of the National Center for Early Prevention can find guidelines and brochures to support refugee families at .
The in Germany offers the most important answers for parents with children of daycare age. The Guide is aimed at Ukrainian families as well as private persons, institutions, and organizations that advise refugees on child daycare. It is available in Ukrainian and German.
In Germany, all children from the age of one have a legal right to child daycare. The Guide shows how parents can find a childcare place for their child, how the start with daycare, and what the childcare costs are. More information on the various forms of care, opening hours, meals, the requirements for infection protection, and cooperating with families is summarized in the guide.
The of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs aims to make it easier for this target group to start working. It includes courses and coaching for immigrant mothers on gainful employment, learning the language, and recognition of qualifications. It also helps with finding jobs or internships and with compatibility questions - at 85 locations nationwide. If necessary, support can also be provided by Russian-speaking language mediators.
Support for people who were affected by violence and threatened
With the , the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, together with UNICEF and other partners, has been campaigning since 2016 for the . Extensive information and practical materials can be found on the website of the Federal initiative. In the project "Decentralized advice and support structure for protection against violence in refugee accommodation", opinion leaders (multipliers) for protection against violence also advise nationwide in 15 federal states on the development and implementation of protection against violence concepts on site. They support the setting up of local network structures and organize awareness and training measures.
The hotline 08000 116 016 is available as an important first point of contact for women affected by violence, its environment, and specialists - also in the context of escape and migration. Those seeking advice can contact one of the counselors anonymously and free of charge 24/7. The offerings are available in 17 foreign languages, including Russian, Polish, and English. Advice is given regarding all - including trafficking of women, sexualized and domestic violence, and forced prostitution. If necessary, the counselors put the callers in touch with local support facilities. The "Violence against women" helpline is a nationwide counseling service.
The nationwide coordination group against human trafficking e.V. (KOK) offers a Germany-wide It also provides that contain information about the dangers of human trafficking and provide support options for people of all nationalities. The KOK is also involved and raises awareness in the "", a coordinating alliance of over 150 organizations.
The coordination group trains authorities and aid organizations in identifying victims. The local cooperation between the police and the KOK, which is supported by the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, has been intensified.
Other support offerings
In particular, the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs promotes psychosocial centers that offer psychosocial counseling and support with interpreters - especially for women and children. These range from individual crisis intervention, initial consultations, and group offers for psychological stabilization to psychological trauma therapy. Addresses can be found on the .
In integration courses, people who have immigrated to Germany are taught the German language as well as the history, culture, and legal system of the country. Attending an integration course improves the social participation opportunities of the participants. In order to make it easier for parents with children who are not of school age to take part in an integration course, the federal program was launched in January 2022. The Federal Ministry for Family Affairs and the Federal Ministry of the Interior have thus created childcare offer during the course, as long as the parents do not have a regular daycare place. The childcare is close to the integration course.
The more than 530 multi-generation houses throughout Germany also offer a wide range of support. They are contact points in the neighborhoods and, together with volunteers, help people who have fled from Ukraine. Depending on the location, the offerings and activities range from meeting cafés, arranging interpreters, psychological support, sponsorships and, if necessary, arranging accommodation. In addition, some facilities also offer hot meals, help with applications, leisure and advisory services, language courses with childcare, and the provisioning of decentralized relief goods databases for refugees. Some of the multi-generation houses also organize benefit events and fund-raising campaigns or run charity stores. You can find houses near you .