Refugees from Ukraine can, under certain conditions, receive family benefits such as child benefits, parental benefits, and advance maintenance payments. The condition is that they have a residence permit according to Section 24 of the Residence Act that includes a work permit for at least six months. Depending on the family benefits, other additional requirements might apply. In some cases, they do not apply to minors. The family portal has compiled more information on a special page for refugees from Ukraine.
In addition, the Project "Families well informed" helps refugees and opinion leaders (multipliers) so that immigrant families can more easily apply for benefits such as child benefits or child allowance.
Families who have fled Ukraine with their children may apply for child benefit for these children in Germany if they meet the following requirements:
- They have a residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG (German residence act)
the parent applying for child benefit is resident in Germany.
The corresponding evidence of this must be submitted when the application is made.
Please note: child benefit can only be applied for if the children live in Germany or in another state within the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland.
If your child is older than 18, you may also claim child benefit under certain circumstances. To do this, as well as the above requirements, additional conditions must also be met. You must then prove that your child is enrolled in a vocational apprenticeship, for instance. You can find more information under Child benefit above 18 years of age.
To allow the Family Benefits Office to assess your application for child benefit, you must prove that the requirements for claiming child benefit are met.
To do this, you require the following evidence:
- residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG for you and your children OR
- a temporary attestation about your legal residence (for example, Fiktionsbescheinigung (probationary certificate) or Vorab-Aufenthaltserlaubnis (preliminary residence permit) if these were issued on the basis of Section 24 AufenthG and you are permitted to work
- evidence that your children live in Germany or in another state within the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland (for example, registration with an immigration authority or certification from a nursery, support organisation, or similar).
Orphans and children who do not know their parents’ whereabouts may apply for child benefit themselves. In this case, the child benefit is paid out in accordance with the Federal Child Benefit Act (BKGG).
The requirement is that the child has a residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG. Employment or a minimum residence duration are not required for this child benefit application.
If the child is older than 18 years of age, in certain cases, they may also claim child benefit. To do this, as well as the above requirements, additional conditions must be met. The child must prove that they are enrolled in a vocational apprenticeship, for instance. You can find more information under Child benefit above 18 years of age.
When you apply for asylum, the residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG expires.
Asylum seekers and recognised refugees only have a claim to child benefit from the point in time that they are granted asylum or that they are recognised as refugees. For the time prior to this, they only have a claim to child benefit if they have been resident in Germany for at least 6 months and are granted asylum or recognised as refugees at a later stage.
Based on the fact that child benefit is deemed income on asylum seeker benefits, there is no financial advantage for those granted asylum and recognised refugees. In addition to this, no employment is permitted during the asylum process.
If the application for asylum or application for recognition as a refugee under the Geneva Convention is rejected and subsidiary protection is granted, you may then claim child benefit from the point that this is granted.
From 01.01.2023 on, the Familienkasse (Family Fund) pays a monthly child benefit of 250 € per child.
If your child meets the requirement, you can submit your application for child benefit directly.
Please complete and sign your application and send it along with all the necessary evidence to the relevant Family Benefits Office. You can find this by entering your postcode in the department search feature.