Refugees from Ukraine can, under certain conditions, receive family benefits such as child benefits, parental benefits, and advance maintenance payments. The condition is that they have a residence permit according to that includes a work permit for at least six months. Depending on the family benefits, other additional requirements might apply. In some cases, they do not apply to minors.
Families who have fled Ukraine with their children may apply for child benefit for these children in Germany if they meet the following requirements:
the parent applying for child benefit is resident in Germany.
The corresponding evidence of this must be submitted when the application is made.
Please note: child benefit can only be applied for if the children live in Germany or in another state within the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland.
If your child is older than 18, you may also claim child benefit under certain circumstances. To do this, as well as the above requirements, additional conditions must also be met. You must then prove that your child is enrolled in a vocational apprenticeship, for instance. You can find more information under
To allow the Family Benefits Office to assess your application for child benefit, you must prove that the requirements for claiming child benefit are met.
To do this, you require the following evidence:
- residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG for you and your children OR
- a temporary attestation about your legal residence (for example, Fiktionsbescheinigung (probationary certificate) or Vorab-Aufenthaltserlaubnis (preliminary residence permit) if these were issued on the basis of Section 24 AufenthG and you are permitted to work
- evidence that your children live in Germany or in another state within the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland (for example, registration with an immigration authority or certification from a nursery, support organisation, or similar).
Orphans and children who do not know their parents’ whereabouts may apply for child benefit themselves. In this case, the child benefit is paid out in accordance with the Federal Child Benefit Act (BKGG).
The requirement is that the child has a residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG. Employment or a minimum residence duration are not required for this child benefit application.
If the child is older than 18 years of age, in certain cases, they may also claim child benefit. To do this, as well as the above requirements, additional conditions must be met. The child must prove that they are enrolled in a vocational apprenticeship, for instance. You can find more information under
When you apply for asylum, the residence permit in accordance with Section 24 AufenthG expires.
Asylum seekers and recognised refugees only have a claim to child benefit from the point in time that they are granted asylum or that they are recognised as refugees. For the time prior to this, they only have a claim to child benefit if they have been resident in Germany for at least 6 months and are granted asylum or recognised as refugees at a later stage.
Based on the fact that child benefit is deemed income on asylum seeker benefits, there is no financial advantage for those granted asylum and recognised refugees. In addition to this, no employment is permitted during the asylum process.
If the application for asylum or application for recognition as a refugee under the Geneva Convention is rejected and subsidiary protection is granted, you may then claim child benefit from the point that this is granted.
As a general rule, you receive a minimum of 219 euros of child benefit per child each month.
If you have more than one child, the number of children determines the amount of child benefit that you receive in total. This also applies if one of the children does not live with you: from the third child, you are entitled to more child benefit– even if their siblings live with the other parent.
Child benefit as of 1 January 2021:
1st child: 219 euros
2nd child: 219 euros
3rd child: 225 euros
From the 4th child: 250 euros